Mexico has reminders of its history littered in every one of its bustling cities and quaint villages. The first traces of man in Mexico date back to around 20,000 BC. It was likely that the last ice age forced nomadic tribes of hunter-gatherers, from Asia and Africa, to track wild game into the region separating North and South America (Mesoamerica).
Historically, Mexican civilization probably began with simple agriculture – evidence of squash, chili peppers, beans and maize were grown dating back to around 6500 BC. As the food supply flourished the settlers remained longer until they settled permanently around 1500 BC.
Mexico's history probably began during the Mesoamerican Golden Age between 300 AD and 900 AD. In this era political, intellectual and urban development was established, especially by the Teotihuacan and Mayan peoples. These peoples assumed leadership and established religion by erecting temples and pyramids to worship their sun, moon, water and fire cult gods and cult goddesses and the Teotihuacán's resilient Plumed Serpent.
Teotihuacan, known as the 'City of the Gods', was built 30-miles northeast of present-day Mexico City. At its height, Teotihuacan was home to a populace of more than 100,000. Its people were thought to be the first to write books, establish a numerical system and bring the 260-day sacred calendar to Mesoamerica.
Teotihuacan was burned in the 7th century, but its mysticism and ruins survive today to tell the story of the Aztecs and Mexico's origins.
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